Periodontal disease is an infection of the soft tissue that hold your teeth in place. Periodontal came from perio meaning around and dontal meaning teeth. Periodontal disease is an oral condition where the structures around the teeth such as the alveolar bone, gums and periodontal ligament are infected.
Swollen gums and bleeding during brushing are early signs of bacterial infection of the gums. The earliest stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis. Gingivitis is an infection that affects the gums. The major cause of gingivitis and other periodontal disease are various types of bacteria in the dental plaque.
Periodontal disease is not just a simple oral health problem. It can lead to other oral and medical conditions when left untreated. Here are some things that may help you understand the root problems of periodontal disease.
Periodontal Disease is a Common Ailment
Periodontal disease or gum disease is one of the most common dental problems after bad breath and tooth decay. This is also the top reason for tooth loss in adults. Everyone may be at risk of having periodontal disease but it typically occurs after the age of 30.
The top risk factor of having periodontal disease is smoking. Gum disease can also be triggered from other medical conditions such as diabetes and dry mouth.
People with diabetic condition who have healthy gums are more likely to control and maintain their blood sugar level than those who have gum disease. Gum disease may also affect the lungs. The bacteria that causes gum disease may worsen the condition when it reaches the lungs and may result to respiratory diseases.
There are other health conditions that may be affected by untreated periodontal disease. Gum disease may also cause premature births or low birth weights in babies.
Periodontal Disease Can Cause Bad Breath
Bad breath or halitosis is caused by a lot of factors. The most common reason for bad breath is periodontal disease. The bacteria that causes gum disease also causes bad breath.
Dental implants are tooth-like enamel or prosthodontics that are anchored onto the gums or jawbone. A person with dental implants who is suffering from periodontal disease is at risk of affecting the stability of his or her dental implants.
Periodontal Conditions are Contagious
Individuals who have a family history of periodontal disease faces the risk of acquiring the same oral problem. It helps to know every medical history of the members of your family to help you and your dentist come up with a dental plan to combat your gum disease. It also helps to avoid the risk factors of developing periodontal conditions.
Here are some risk factors that may increase the odds of having periodontal diseases:
Use of tobacco or smoking
Teeth grinding or clenching
Pregnancy, puberty, menopausal, and other stages of hormonal changes
Medical conditions like heart disease, diabetes and respiratory ailments
These are some of the important things you may need to know about periodontal disease. When symptoms or early signs of periodontal problems start to show, it is best to visit your trusted periodontal care provider to help combat your gum problems.
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